25 children ranging in age from 6 to 10 years participated in this bilateral split-mouth study evaluating two dental sealants for retention and secondary caries development. Data were collected comparing resin based and glass ionomer based sealants with and without tooth preparation at 6-month intervals over a 2 year period. Dataset includes demographic and clinical measures and sealant performance evaluation and comparison at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months.
The Amish Research Group of the University of Maryland School of Medicine has been studying the Old Order Amish population in Lancaster County, PA, since 1993. This database currently consists of health-related data on over 7,000 adults resulting from studies ranging from population and basic science to clinical and translational research. Areas of investigation include: Cardiovascular Risk, Diabetes, Bone Health, Blood Pressure, Vascular Imaging, Aging, Breast Tissue Density, Platelet Aggregation, Microbiome, Wellness, and Brain Imaging. Extensive genetic data (genotyping and sequencing) is also available.
Data from Medicaid fee-for-service and managed care claims from one Mid-Atlantic state were analyzed for this cross-sectional study. The dataset consists of a total of 16,969 youths under the age of 20 with a mental health diagnosis and a pharmacy claim for antipsychotic medication in 2003. Data for each individual includes demographic, Medicaid program category (ie, foster care, disabled), psychiatric diagnostic codes, and psychotropic medications by major therapeutic class.
The AFFIRM clinical trial was instituted to compare the impact on total mortality between two treatment strategies for managing atrial fibrillation (AF): maintenance of sinus rhythm (includes control of heart rate) and control of heart rate alone. Anticoagulation was used with both treatments. 4060 patients from over 200 sites in the U.S. and Canada participated in the study. All enrollees had AF and at least one additional risk factor for stroke or death. Dataset includes patient baseline characteristics, clinical measures, medications, hospitalizations, major adverse events and mortality, and cognitive ability assessments as well as selected quality of life measures.
This dataset consists of survey responses from 57 African American parents/caregivers whose child was receiving care for ADHD in a university-affiliated pediatric primary care unit. The 47 item questionnaire entitled Attitudes, Satisfaction, Knowledge, and Medication Experiences (ASK-ME) was developed by the primary author to assess views of stimulant medication for ADHD. In addition to demographic information, the dataset includes treatment characteristics, whether or not the child received counseling, and responses to 7 items specifically related to attitude toward medication. A copy of the survey is available from Dr. Susan dosReis upon request.
This study investigated a systematic process for using qualitative data to identify attributes and levels most important to caregivers in making health care treatment decisions. Grounded theory methodology was selected for its suitability in assessing an individual’s response to a specific experience. Stakeholder advisors worked with academic researchers in all phases of the project. A total of 48 caregivers were recruited from community support groups from across Maryland. Criteria for selection were a) responsibility for a child 26 years or younger, b) who had an intellectual, emotional, or social developmental disability and, c) with a concomitant mental health condition. 6 caregivers participated in in–depth interviews while the remaining 42 were distributed among 6 focus groups. This dataset includes family demographics, child characteristics (e.g. school grade level, diagnoses, treatment, behavioral problems, etc.), interview transcripts, focus group data, and attribute descriptions and levels.
To improve reporting transparency and research integrity, some journals have begun publishing study protocols and statistical analysis plans alongside trial publications. To determine the overall availability and characteristics of protocols and statistical analysis plans this study reviewed all randomized clinical trials (RCT) published in 2016 in the following 5 general medicine journals: Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA, Lancet, and NEJM. Characteristics of RCTs were extracted from the publication and clinical trial registry. A detailed assessment of protocols and statistical analysis plans was conducted in a 20% random sample of trials. Dataset contains extraction sheets (as SAS data files), code to calculate the values in the tables in the manuscript, and a supplemental file with additional notes on methods used in the study.
This pilot study tested the use of a best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument to aid caregivers of a child with mental health comorbidities in clarifying preferences for treatment outcomes. BWS methodology closely approximates real-life decision-making by requiring the selection of one “most important” and one “least important” among a group of competing attributes. 38 caregivers were recruited from support groups in Maryland from March through July of 2015. Criteria for participation were a) their child was 21 years or younger, b) was diagnosed with a developmental delay related to cognitive or emotional disability and, c) with a comorbid mental illness (i.e. ADHD, depression, anxiety, etc.). Subsequent to survey completion, the caregivers took part in one of 6 debriefing sessions to determine the ease of comprehension, relevance of the concepts, distinctiveness of the statements, and clarity of language. The dataset includes family demographics, child characteristics (diagnoses, type of treatment, etc.), session transcripts, and statistics associated with the caregiver responses to the attributes included in the BWS instrument.
A bi‐directional relationship exists between asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in which presence of one is associated with increased prevalence and severity of the other. This study was undertaken to determine if OSA accounted for differences in airway and systemic inflammation in asthmatic children and if inflammation was associated with asthma control. 27 non-obese children aged 4-12 years with persistent asthma, with or without OSA, were recruited for the research. Asthma control was measured with the Childhood Asthma Control Test. Participants underwent polysomnography and blood sampling, and those with OSA also underwent clinically indicated adenotonsillectomy. Tonsils and sera were analyzed for 11 cytokines. The dataset includes demographic data, health history, spirometry/polysomnographic measures, and immunoassay values.
This study was to assess the relation between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms among black adolescents 12-13 years old, among overweight/obese group and healthy weight group, separately. The dataset includes body dissatisafaction and depressive symptoms at baseline, and two follow-ups in two years. Data types included are socio-demographic information of adolescents, the obesity prevention intervention group status, body composition, and psychosocial variables: e.g. depressive symptoms and body dissatisfaction.