25 children ranging in age from 6 to 10 years participated in this bilateral split-mouth study evaluating two dental sealants for retention and secondary caries development. Data were collected comparing resin based and glass ionomer based sealants with and without tooth preparation at 6-month intervals over a 2 year period. Dataset includes demographic and clinical measures and sealant performance evaluation and comparison at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months.
The Amish Research Group of the University of Maryland School of Medicine has been studying the Old Order Amish population in Lancaster County, PA, since 1993. This database currently consists of health-related data on over 7,000 adults resulting from studies ranging from population and basic science to clinical and translational research. Areas of investigation include: Cardiovascular Risk, Diabetes, Bone Health, Blood Pressure, Vascular Imaging, Aging, Breast Tissue Density, Platelet Aggregation, Microbiome, Wellness, and Brain Imaging. Extensive genetic data (genotyping and sequencing) is also available.
Murine typhus is a febrile disease caused by the bacterium, Rickettsia typhi (R. typhi), and transmitted via infected fleas. This study investigated midgut responses of infected versus uninfected cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) by constructing cDNA libraries and examining transcript levels. Select C. felis serine proteases, GTPases and defense response genes were compared to identify differences in gene expression between the two states of infection. A total of 1152 transcripts from both libraries were sequenced, generating 906 high quality sequences, 472 from the uninfected and 434 from the infected midgut library.
Data and figures are provided on the effects of fluoxetine, a selective serotin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant, on the gut microbiome and metabolome in a rat model to better understand the effect of this drug on women during gestation and lactation. Throughout pregnancy and lactation, female rats received the SSRI fluoxetine or vehicle. High resolution 16S ribosomal RNA marker gene sequencing and targeted metabolic analysis were used to assess the fecal microbiome and metabolic availability, respectively.
Data from Medicaid fee-for-service and managed care claims from one Mid-Atlantic state were analyzed for this cross-sectional study. The dataset consists of a total of 16,969 youths under the age of 20 with a mental health diagnosis and a pharmacy claim for antipsychotic medication in 2003. Data for each individual includes demographic, Medicaid program category (ie, foster care, disabled), psychiatric diagnostic codes, and psychotropic medications by major therapeutic class.
For two decades the standard drug therapy for patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) has been anti-tumor necrosis factor agents (anti-TNFs) such as adalimumab (Humira), certolizumab pegol (Cimzia), infliximab (Remicade) and several others. More recently, vedolizumab (Entyvio) has entered the market as the first gut-selective integrin blocker that offers an alternative treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Using the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database, this study compared adverse event reports (AE) for the two types of therapies. The search retrieved 499 reports for vedolizumab and 119,620 for anti-TNFs for the years 1998 through 2015. Using the proportional reporting ratio (PPR) and the empirical Bayesian geometric mean (EBGM) algorithms, AE data were reviewed for signals of disproportionate reporting for the two types of drugs. This dataset includes statistical summary tables of characteristics (demographic) and a variety of adverse event comparisons of vedolizumab, anti-TNFs, and all other medications. Cleaned FAERS data was provided with permission by DrugLogic, Inc. Interested researchers may contact DrugLogic Inc. (Reston, VA) by calling 800-393-1313 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org
The AFFIRM clinical trial was instituted to compare the impact on total mortality between two treatment strategies for managing atrial fibrillation (AF): maintenance of sinus rhythm (includes control of heart rate) and control of heart rate alone. Anticoagulation was used with both treatments. 4060 patients from over 200 sites in the U.S. and Canada participated in the study. All enrollees had AF and at least one additional risk factor for stroke or death. Dataset includes patient baseline characteristics, clinical measures, medications, hospitalizations, major adverse events and mortality, and cognitive ability assessments as well as selected quality of life measures.
This dataset consists of survey responses from 57 African American parents/caregivers whose child was receiving care for ADHD in a university-affiliated pediatric primary care unit. The 47 item questionnaire entitled Attitudes, Satisfaction, Knowledge, and Medication Experiences (ASK-ME) was developed by the primary author to assess views of stimulant medication for ADHD. In addition to demographic information, the dataset includes treatment characteristics, whether or not the child received counseling, and responses to 7 items specifically related to attitude toward medication. A copy of the survey is available from Dr. Susan dosReis upon request.
This study investigated a systematic process for using qualitative data to identify attributes and levels most important to caregivers in making health care treatment decisions. Grounded theory methodology was selected for its suitability in assessing an individual’s response to a specific experience. Stakeholder advisors worked with academic researchers in all phases of the project. A total of 48 caregivers were recruited from community support groups from across Maryland. Criteria for selection were a) responsibility for a child 26 years or younger, b) who had an intellectual, emotional, or social developmental disability and, c) with a concomitant mental health condition. 6 caregivers participated in in–depth interviews while the remaining 42 were distributed among 6 focus groups. This dataset includes family demographics, child characteristics (e.g. school grade level, diagnoses, treatment, behavioral problems, etc.), interview transcripts, focus group data, and attribute descriptions and levels.
To improve reporting transparency and research integrity, some journals have begun publishing study protocols and statistical analysis plans alongside trial publications. To determine the overall availability and characteristics of protocols and statistical analysis plans this study reviewed all randomized clinical trials (RCT) published in 2016 in the following 5 general medicine journals: Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA, Lancet, and NEJM. Characteristics of RCTs were extracted from the publication and clinical trial registry. A detailed assessment of protocols and statistical analysis plans was conducted in a 20% random sample of trials. Dataset contains extraction sheets (as SAS data files), code to calculate the values in the tables in the manuscript, and a supplemental file with additional notes on methods used in the study.